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Learning Disorder

What is a learning disorder?


A learning disorder is an issue with how the brain processes information, which prevents someone from acquiring a skill and properly utilizing it. It is commonly diagnosed in early age children. Having this disorder means that a child struggles in one or more areas of learning, even if his or her overall intelligence or motivation is not affected. The three major areas are reading, written expression, and math.


Reading

The learning disorder in reading is called dyslexia. Dyslexia is a term used to describe problems learning and processing language, which are frequently shown by difficulties with reading, spelling, and writing.


In this area, learning disorders are usually caused by the problem of understanding spoken words as a combination of different sounds. This leads to difficulty in comprehending how a letter or group of letters represent a sound and how the combinations of the letters form a word.


Other difficulties could be:

  • Spelling a word

  • Comprehending what they are reading

  • Reading at a normal pace

  • Recalling accurately after reading


Written Expression

Dysgraphia is a term that refers to difficulty in writing expression. People with this usually have difficulties with spelling, punctuation, grammar, and handwriting.

More specific examples could be:

  • Slow handwriting

  • The handwritings are hard to recognize

  • Difficulty putting thoughts onto the paper


Math

Dyscalculia refers to problems understanding concepts relating to numbers or employing the symbols and functions that are necessary for carrying out mathematical calculations. Learning disorder in math includes difficulties with number sense, calculations, reasoning, and problem-solving.


Severity levels

1. Mild

  • Some learning difficulties in one or two academic subjects, but may have the ability to make up for it.

2. Moderate

  • Significant learning difficulties that require some specialized training and supported accommodation.

3. Severe

  • Severe difficulties in learning several academic subjects, which require continual, extensive, and specialized training and teaching.

Causes of learning disorder

  • Family history

  • Poor growth during the prenatal stage

  • Physical or psychological trauma

  • Environmental harm (e.g. exposure to toxins)


Treatment options

Possible treatment options could be:

  • Individualized education program

  • Specialized training and teaching

  • Therapy

  • Medication

  • Alternative medicine (e.g. dietary changes)


Sources



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